Rats can be rather annoying pests to have to deal with, especially when they attempt to infest one’s home. There are multiple ways to go about getting rid of these rats, but some prefer to go about it in a way that is more humane than simply laying out various poisons all across the home and yard. Fortunately, there are a couple of these more humane ways to go about removing these pests.
Note: one can go about using these removals themselves, but it is always a good idea to consult with a professional both before undertaking these methods and after if they do not work as expected.
Live Traps The first of these more humane ways to remove rats are live traps. These traps are for those who are seeking to avoid killing the rats who have infested the area, and are looking to simply remove them. However, these traps require regular check-ups and resources to maintain their humaneness. Food, water and nesting material should be included in these traps so as to not allow the trapped rats to starve or die of dehydration. The trap must also be inspected thoroughly so that it does not trap the rats tail or catch some other body part when closing.These traps need to be inspected every morning to see if they have caught any of the rats. Leaving the rat to die slowly in these cages is most certainly not a way to remove them humanely. These rats can then be relocated to either the wild or a nearby veterinary clinic. Those released into the wild do tend to die rather quickly, so some prefer to leave them to local veterinary clinics in order to have them killed there in a humane way.
Snap Traps The second humane method of getting rid of rats from a home are snap traps. These traps are quicker than the live trapping method, though some do not like it as it means that there is the possibility of handling dead rats. These traps should also be checked every morning in order to see if any rats were caught and if they might still be alive so that the homeowner can end their suffering. The snap traps are designed in such a way as to kill the rat as quickly and painlessly as possible, thus, making it more humane in nature than some of the poison traps on the market. This is especially true since those poison traps usually contain chemicals, called anticoagulants, which cause the rodent to die slowly and painfully from internal bleeding.
When using snap traps, one should make sure that they are well designed. It should kill the rat quickly and be easy to reset. When luring rats into these traps, the bait should only be placed within the marked bait area and keep the rest of the trap clean of any food matter. Peanut butter, nuts and fruits are all valid types of bait for these traps. If one bait isn’t working, switching to another type usually does.
As any homeowner or renter will know, the potential of a rat infestation is a serious threat. Rats are agile, nimble creatures able to get through the smallest of gaps, breeding frequently and in large numbers. They are also carriers of disease that pose a high risk to both humans and pets within the home. One female rat gives birth to a litter of 6 or 7 pups but can have as many as 14. She can have 5 litters within a year if conditions are favorable. Female rats are sexually mature and able to breed from 5 or 6 weeks old. That means once a female has given birth, within 5 weeks at least one of her female babies will also be pregnant and this continues to grow. This is why a small infestation can grow out of control in such a short span of time. The more populated areas are the most likely to attract rats since there is a higher volume of household waste and food recycling. There are also more places for rats to build nests and generally fewer predators.
So just how do you prevent rats from getting into your property? Following these steps will help:
Fill in the cracks! Rats are able to squeeze through holes as small as an American Quarter or 1 Euro coin. Have a thorough check around your home of all window frames, doorways, brickwork, decking, foundations, dog kennels or pet hutches. Any cracks or holes must be filled with sturdy wood, hard-wearing plaster or cement. Also check that these holes are not exposing wires. Since rats like to chew, damaged wiring is a fire hazard and will need replacing.
Locate the toilet. Rats tend to leave droppings in concentrated areas and usually away from wherever their food source is. If you find droppings, this is probably a commonplace for rats to be and also one of the best places for traps or baits to be located.
Remove any food temptation. Rats are scavengers and will eat anything they deem edible, especially food waste. If you have an outdoor bin or recycling container, ensure that these receptacles are rat proof. They will stop the odor of decomposing food that rats find so attractive. If you have outdoor pets such as chickens or ducks, only scatter their food during the day and make sure to clear away any left-over food before you go to bed.
Destroy potential nests. There are several places rats like to build their nests. If you keep logs for a log-burning fire, ensure they are kept at least 8 inches off the ground and covered if possible. You will need to check this area regularly for any rat activity. When gardening work is done, ensure all vegetation is removed. Rats love to make a nest in heavy vegetation as it provides warmth and a place to hide from predators. Rats are also known to utilize discarded appliances or abandoned cars, as these are rarely disturbed. It is important to make sure these items are removed from your property as soon as possible.
Trim bushes and trees. Rats are excellent climbers and can also jump wide gaps. If you have trees, bushes, shrubs or hedges on your property, trim them back so there is at least a 4ft gap away from the outer walls of your home. Even agile rodents cannot jump that far!
Set traps. There are several types of traps you can use, ranging from cheap to expensive. Even the cheapest options do a fair job. Most traps are safe for children and pets so they can be used indoors. It is important to follow the instructions when setting traps and place them in areas that you know are heavily used by rats. Most traps are rat-friendly such as cage or pressure traps. You can also use the more traditional rat traps, but you must not dispose of the dead rats in your home garbage as this will just attract more rats.
Baits and poison. You can also try using baits or poison pellets, but these must NEVER be used in the home as they are potentially lethal to children and pets if accidentally ingested. As with the rat traps, you must dispose of the rats responsibly, so you do not attract more. Do not dispose of them in the countryside as the poison you used can be lethal to other wild animals that may eat the rats.
Check on your neighbors. If you are struggling with a rat infestation, the chances are your neighbors are as well. Discussing the issues as a community is helpful and you can assist one another in dealing with the situation. If you share communal areas with your neighbors such as areas where recycling is stored, it is important that all of you are aware of the need to keep the area clean and free of potential temptations or nesting areas.
If in doubt, call in the professionals. Exterminators and pest control companies have years of training and access to the best equipment. They will be able to give you sound advice about the potential dangers within your home. They will also be able to locate and destroy any nests you may not be aware of. It can be expensive, but if the problem is beyond your control it may be your best and only option.
Out of the attic
How to get rats out of my attic?
You hear noises in your attic, scratches, and the sound of small steps above your head: maybe rats have taken up residence in your attic. How to solve the problem? Here are some useful tips that will help you get rats out of your attic.
Inspection: Bring a flashlight and climb into your attic. Certainly, you will find brown/black droppings everywhere on the glass wool and on the beams. The rats are there but do not panic.
Action: You will put rodent bait in the block as follows:
Two blocks against rats in each corner of your attic
Two blocks against rats in each corner of your attic
Some bait along the tiles
Use the whole box of Vulcano water-repellent rodent poison block.
You can now wait about 8-10 days. Since rodents are very wary, they will take some time before ingesting the rodenticide product that you have deposited. Upon absorption, the colony will begin to reduce, and after a few days, you will no longer hear any noises. There are also some other methods to get rats out of your attic.
Try repellents to get rid of rats.
We can try to get rid of rodents with repellents. In the case of rats, which are large rodents, their effectiveness does not seem very great, but you can try them at least as a preventive measure. Use pepper, bay leaves, mint, or pieces of cotton soaked in essential oils as a repellent. Alternatively, you will find commercially available lava stone granules soaked in these essential oils. Their effectiveness has the advantage of being more durable than that of cotton, which must be soaked very often.
Make Deadly Rat Bait
You can make deadly bait for rats easily and inexpensively. Here are two examples:
Pour a cola drink, known to be fatal for rats, into a container within reach.
Make a mixture of plaster and flour or a mixture of sugar and quicklime. Place this mixture next to water cups in places frequented by rats. Consumed with water, it will swell the rats’ stomachs and kill them.
Note: Avoid these two mixtures if you have pets, especially small animals such as guinea pigs, etc.
Use mechanical rat traps.
Among the mechanical traps, there are, in particular, the swatter and the tooth trap.
The rat swatter works on the larger mouse swatter model. When the rat bites the bait, a metal bar falls on it and kills it.
There are automatic swabs with permanent bait, more sophisticated and more effective against rats.
The toothed rat trap looks like a plastic jaw whose large teeth close on the rat that bites the bait.
To permanently get rats out of your attic, there are more radical ways:
Chemical rat traps: these are anticoagulants that quickly kill rats. They are not recommended if you have pets.
Traps that send electric shocks: These traps work with batteries. An electric shock is sent to the trapped rat and kills it.
Use glue traps
These are sticky plates, on which bait can be placed. Sometimes the glue has an attractive odor, which avoids having to add bait. When they are trapped, the rat becomes stuck and eventually dies, but death is slower and crueler than with other types of traps.
Scavenging rats from the attic may require professional intervention when the invasion is too great and the above methods are no longer sufficient. Knowing that rats reproduce at a remarkable speed, it is important to call upon an expert as quickly as possible.
Out of the walls
How to get rats out of my walls?
You hear the scratching in your walls, plasterboard, and partitions of plasterboard- meaning rats have decided to settle in these places. Living in groups, rats, invade homes. They are looking for shelter and food. Rats have poor eyesight, but on the other hand, a powerful sense of smell and can perceive the presence of food even at a long distance. With great dexterity and caution, they pull food along the walls and save the food by bringing them through holes a few centimetres in diameter located in your walls. So, you no longer sleep at night and the rats make noise and scare the children. Don’t fret, by following the steps below, you can easily get rats out of your walls.
How to get rid of rats? There are several methods to get rid of them:
REPELLENTS When the presence of rats is confirmed in the walls of your room, follow one of these gentle methods to keep them away:
Place pepper where the rats frequent. Sprinkled near the holes, pepper makes it difficult for the rats to breathe, as its pungent odor swells their lungs and prevents them from breathing normally until death ensues.
Some natural plants have a peculiar smell, which makes rats flee by placing them in their way, such as:
Essential oils like lemongrass are also excellent repellents that scare away rats.
The association of chocolate and plaster: Rats love everything that is sweet, so chocolate attracts their attention. Mixing the chocolate powder in equal parts with the plaster makes an excellent ingredient to eliminate them.
Technological bollards for rats, ultrasound The technological bollards are all those devices that technical innovation has put on the market to counter the presence of rats. For instance, in the house, in the garden, in the garage, in the walls, etc. Many effective devices emit sounds or electromagnetic waves that disturb rodents, birds, insects, and often even pets and humans.
To be sure to choose the right one, it is good to pay attention to some important characteristics related to sound power, frequency range, and frequency variability. The best acoustic bollards against rats are those that have:
A power in decibels should be high enough to invest the rodent’s acoustic nerve even at a great distance. Furthermore, to cover the whole area, it is necessary to have a very wide range of actions, and consideration must be given to the positioning or purchase of several bollards.
A frequency range that only disturbs rodents. They don’t disturb other pets or people in the area.
A frequency that constantly changes to prevent rats from getting used to the noise and renouncing flight.
The use of ultrasound should have a combination with electromagnetic waves. The latter seems to give good results to remove rats in the walls.
THE USE OF TRAPS
Mechanical, electrical, or even glue traps can be used to capture or even kill rats. A bait is then necessary for its proper functioning. Everything that a rat eats, including grain, cheese, bread, fruit, etc. can be used as bait.
THE USE OF RODENTICIDE PRODUCTS
Most often, it is an anticoagulant that will kill rodents by causing a fatal hemorrhage at the slightest injury. The rats will die in your walls, decompose there and leave a foul odor in your home.
Out of my garage
How to get rats out of my garage?
The garage is often an excellent place for rats to stay and for rats looking for a protected area to spend the cold months. Once colonized, this becomes a permanent nest for these rodents and their offspring and, if you cannot catch the right signs of an infestation, you will have to resort to drastic and expensive solutions. We will explain what to do and show all effective methods of keeping rats away from your garage.
Close the slots with steel wool Rats manage to pass even in very small openings. To remove rodents from the garage, you need to carry out a thorough inspection. Check the walls of the garage carefully and find all the cracks. Equip yourself with steel wool and tighten them. Alternatively, you can also use traditional kitchen wool. The rats will not be able to gnaw through them and will stay away.
Keep the garage clean. One of the basic rules for keeping rats away is to clean the garage thoroughly. Disinfect floors using vinegar or bleach. If there is waste and garbage, throw it away immediately.
Use baking soda Among the natural things for keeping rats away from the garage is baking soda. Rodents do not love it and will immediately go away. Sprinkle the powder near the suspicious spots. In addition to chasing away rats, it will also sanitize the garage environment.
Spread toothpaste on the baseboard Did you know that rats can’t stand the smell of toothpaste? That’s right! If you want to keep rats away from the garage, just spread a small amount of it along the baseboard. You can also apply it to some suspicious entrance points. Alternatively, you can use mint essential oil or a few peppermint leaves. It is one of the most valid methods for getting rats out of your garage.
Buy a cat Buying a cat is one of the most immediate ways for keeping rats away from your garage. You just have to let it roam freely in the environment. To increase the effect, you can also place his litter box in the garage for a few days.
Sprinkle talcum powder The talcum powder is an excellent deterrent, able to annoy rats and keep them away. Alternatively, you can also use boric acid powder. It is usually used for cockroaches, but it is also extremely valid for rats. Spread a large amount in the strategic points of the garage. The rats will no longer show up.
Spray the garage with a solution of garlic and pepper To keep rats away from your garage, you can use garlic and pepper solution. It will give off a smell particularly unwelcome to rodents. Infuse about ten cloves of garlic in 500ml of water. Also, add a couple of tablespoons of black pepper powder. If you like, you can also add horseradish. Let it steep for a week. Then, filter and spray along the walls of the garage.
Use a chaser Chasers are one of the most effective ways of keeping rats away from the garage. These are electronic devices capable of emitting ultrasound. High-frequency waves disturb rats and make them run away. These devices are easily found in any home improvement store.
Out of my garden
How to Get Rats Out of the Garden
Rats are opportunistic and love an inviting garden space. To get rid of rats and keep them out of the garden, you have to make it unappealing to them. Before you do anything though, make sure it is rats and not another pest.
Are Rats in My Garden? Many pests find the garden irresistible. To be successful in getting rid of them, you need to identify them as the pest causing the problem. Rats love compost piles, pet food, trash bins, and hiding places. If you see cylindrical black droppings, notice that the compost pile is being invaded, or see pieces of wood or fencing with gnaw marks, you have rats present.
Preventing Rats in the Garden It is tempting to use poisons or baits to kill the rats, but this is potentially harmful to other animals and your growing plants. Household pets and young children may ingest it unwillingly. Avoid poisons, if at all possible.
Six Best Ways to Prevent Rats
Opportunistic rats go for easy food sources. This includes pet food dishes, open trash cans, unmanaged and accessible compost bins, and birdseed on the ground. Eliminate these as available food sources.
Rats hate open spaces. They prefer to hide, especially in woodpiles, leaf mulch, straw, and garden debris. Remove all these to discourage the rats from nesting in the garden. Also, keep grass short and eliminate overgrown areas.
Build fencing around planted areas using 1/4” hardware cloth, and bury it beneath the soil at least 6”. Use it around trees, too.
Block access to garden sheds and decks (underneath is a favorite place for rats).
Block access to water. Like all animals, rats need easy access to water to survive.
Move things around. Rats have a natural fear of new things. Rearranging items in the garden regularly will deter them.
Eating pet food and seeds
How to Keep Rats From Eating Pet Food or Bird Seeds?
Rats can be attracted to a variety of types of food. Food in the garbage, leftovers in the house, pet food and bird seeds are all vulnerable targets to these pests. It is the latter two that this article will be looking at, while helping provide a way of discouraging and preventing these rats from eating such things.
Pet Food It can be particularly difficult to get rid of rats who have gotten a taste of pet food because they know that it is a regular source of food in a regular spot. Those with dogs or cats are particularly vulnerable to this, as the foods that they tend to eat are able to attract these rats.
One of the first steps that should be taken to make sure the rats do not get into the supply of pet food is to keep it in sealed bags or containers. This makes sure that the rats will be unable to access the food by themselves. Another step is to make sure that there is no dry food left out overnight. Even if a pet likes to occasionally snack all day, to get rid of the rats one might have to sacrifice this pleasure in favor of a more regular eating schedule. Wet food is even more tempting. The food has a strong odor that attracts everything from rats to ants. Again, feeding on a fixed schedule is how to fix this issue. Once the pet is done eating the food, be sure to wash the dish so that the odor goes away. Finally, be careful with any snacks or treats. Those tend to leave crumbs and other odors around the house for rats and mice to pick up on. Regular sweeping or vacuuming is one way to deal with this issue.
Bird Seeds If done correctly, rats should not have access to any bird seeds in any bird feeders. There are 2 steps to this: keeping rodents away from the bird seeds and keeping those seeds off the ground.
One of the ways that you can keep rats away from the seeds is changing it to a Hot Pepper suet or Hot Pepper-treated seed. The types of seeds won’t make any difference to birds but are highly distasteful to mammals. There is also Nyjer. Nyjer is a tiny seed which goldfinches will crack open to eat the edible interior; rats are generally not interested in this seed.
As for keeping the seeds off the ground, there are a couple of ways to go about this. A freestanding pole with a baffle (a metal disc or cylinder) will block climbing animals, while a hanging dome baffle will protect a feeder hanging in a tree. There are also weight-sensitive feeders that shut out rodents. Fortunately, unlike squirrels, which have rather athletic bodies and can jump up to some of these feeders, rodents are much less agile and can be defeated simply by keeping the seeds out of reach.
Out of my garbage/trash
How to keep rats out of my garbage?
One of the unpleasant realities that people are faced with in the present day is that rats rather like getting into garbage. This is because the garbage is a regular source of food for those rats. Regular sources of food makes the rats want to stay and live in the area. Once they proceed to start living there, it is likely that they will procreate and the pest infestation will all of a sudden be much worse than a single rat occasionally nibbling at the garbage. Fortunately, there are a few steps that one can take when attempting to keep their garbage out of reach of these rats.
Frequent Disposal One of the first steps that can be taken in order to keep garbage out of the claws of the rats is frequent disposal. This might mean not always waiting until the garbage is filled to the brim before disposing of it. It might seem wasteful in terms of bag usage, but that is a small price to pay when it rids someone of the larger problem of a rat infestation.
Keep the Area Around the Garbage Clean Rats prefer to move in areas with protective cover. If the place where the garbage is stored is surrounded by bushes, plants, cars, or any other large bits of cover, these can provide just what the rats are looking for. Either move the garbage somewhere else (possibly in the garage) or remove the cover that surrounds it.
Secure the Garbage Another effective way of keeping rats out of the garbage cans is to make sure that it is sealed. This can also be accomplished with bungee cords or a heavy rock. Admittedly, this method might not work with any larger vermin like raccoons. However, it should work for common pests like rats.
Put Repellents in the Garbage Finally, one could start putting either lethal or nonlethal elements in the garbage. The nonlethal element that drives the rats away rather than poisoning and killing them is ammonia. The odor from the ammonia will keep the rats away from the garbage and is highly effective for those who are not seeking to outright kill the rats. For those looking for a more lethal method, putting rat poison on any garbage bags will kill the rats who are looking to eat out of those bags. However, this method could be considered slightly less effective than the nonlethal ammonia, since once the first rat or rats are dead, more could simply come into the area and start eating at the garbage again.